It all began in the San Biagio vineyard, where it was love at first sight for the Ziliani family, thanks to its incomparable position, immersed in the dense depths of pungent Mediterranean scrub. Its 12 hectares of vines, the estate’s most extensive vineyard, lie at 180 metres’ elevation, running along the top of a narrow ridgeline that faces Janus-like in two directions, southeast and southwest. Subdivided into seven individual parcels, its pebble-rich, limestone soils are quite diverse, with a clayey texture. Consistent ventilation from sea breezes and intense solar radiation result in healthy, sound fruit.
Three systems of training are used in San Biagio, bi-lateral spurred cordon, staked alberello, and Guyot, each utilised according to soil type, grape variety, and aspect. Layouts are 1.40 x 0.75 metres, and vineyard density averages a very dense 9,500 vines per hectare, to favour deep penetration by the vine roots in their search for the most beneficial mineral elements, while their absorption of water helps the vines cope with heat stress. High density also leads to competition among the vines, which means fewer but higher quality grape clusters and more complex wines.
The 5 hectares of Grottine face east-west and the vines are planted in soils with abundant silt, clay, and pebble, with a strong red coloration indicating high iron content. This type of terroir is judged perfect for the requirements of Merlot.
Covering 3 hectares, the Cantina cru vineyard features sandy-clay textured soil slightly alkaline and rich in mineral salts. The Vermentino vine-rows here face east-west, while Cabernet Sauvignon and Franc are oriented north-south.
This 3-hectare cru vineyard is level in its lower areas close to the sea and offers loose, silt-sand rich soils. These conditions offer high suitability for white grapes such as Vermentino and Sauvignon Blanc.